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Market Outlook: In Focus CPI, FOMC and BOJ

Market Outlook: In Focus CPI, FOMC and BOJ

The financial markets are gearing up for a crucial week with significant economic data releases and policy statements expected to shape the trading landscape. This article provides a comprehensive outlook on the key events that traders should keep an eye on, with a particular focus on the weakening EURO, the U.S. CPI data, the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting, and the Bank of Japan (BOJ) rate statement.

Market Overview for Monday

On Monday, the market starts off relatively quiet, with no major economic events expected. However, several key currency pairs and commodities are showing notable movements.


The EUR/USD pair is trading below 1.0750, pressured by ongoing political concerns in the European Union. France’s announcement of a snap election has weakened the euro, adding to the currency’s woes as uncertainty looms over the region.


Gold finds itself recovering above $2,300 during the American session after significant losses on Friday. The negative shift in market sentiment ahead of the highly-anticipated Federal Reserve meeting has bolstered gold’s demand as a safe haven, providing a positive outlook for the precious metal.


The GBP/USD pair erased its daily losses and stabilized above 1.2700 following a bearish start to the week. Nevertheless, the pair struggles to gain recovery momentum as market caution ahead of key macroeconomic events keeps the U.S. Dollar resilient, limiting the pound’s upward potential.


USD/JPY remains strong near 157.00 as the U.S. Dollar continues to strengthen ahead of the Federal Reserve’s policy meeting. Recent signals suggest that the Bank of Japan (BOJ) may shrink its asset purchase program, moving toward further easing of its policy, which supports the yen’s weakening against the dollar.


Oil prices have climbed above the pivotal level of $75.27, reaching a fresh five-day high. Investors are largely in a wait-and-see mode ahead of Wednesday’s U.S. CPI report and the Federal Reserve’s decision. The U.S. Dollar Index trades above 105.00 after recent European elections showed an advance of far-right parties, adding to the market’s cautious sentiment.

Key Economic Events to Watch on Tuesday

Several critical economic reports are set to shape the global financial landscape on Tuesday.

Britain’s Claimant Count Change Report

This parameter measures the change in the number of individuals claiming unemployment benefits. A higher-than-expected reading may negatively impact the British Pound (GBP), while a lower-than-expected reading could provide a boost.

China’s New Loans Report

This report reveals the amount of new loans issued by banks in China. As China is a significant trading partner for Australia, substantial fluctuations in this report can influence the Australian Dollar (AUD).

USA 10-Year Bond Auction

The results of this auction have the potential to affect both the dollar and gold prices. Higher yields may attract more investors to the dollar, whereas lower yields might benefit gold.

Key Economic Events to Watch on Wednesday (CPI and FOMC)

Several substantial economic reports and events are set to influence global markets on Wednesday.

China’s Yearly Inflation Report and PPI y/y

These reports are crucial in gauging inflation dynamics in China. Given Australia’s strong trade relationship with China, the outcomes can significantly impact the Australian Dollar (AUD). Higher-than-expected inflation or producer price index (PPI) figures can signal rising costs and potential economic overheating, prompting Chinese authorities to implement tightening measures, which may further influence the AUD.

Britain’s GDP m/m

This monthly GDP report serves as an essential indicator of economic health in the UK. A higher-than-expected GDP growth rate is generally positive for the British Pound (GBP), reflecting strong economic activity and potentially leading the Bank of England to consider tightening monetary policy. Conversely, weaker GDP growth could result in a softer pound, indicating slower economic expansion and potential challenges ahead.

USA’s Core CPI m/m and y/y

These reports are pivotal for the U.S. dollar. The Core Consumer Price Index (CPI) excludes volatile food and energy prices, providing a clearer picture of underlying inflation trends. Higher inflation readings could lead to a stronger dollar, as they increase the likelihood of the Federal Reserve raising interest rates.

FOMC Economic Projections and Federal Funds Rate

The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) plays a crucial role in setting the direction of U.S. monetary policy. The committee meets several times a year to assess economic conditions and make decisions about interest rates and the growth of the United States money supply. A key aspect of their decision-making process involves setting the target for the Federal Funds Rate, the interest rate at which depository institutions lend reserve balances to other depository institutions overnight. Adjustments to this rate influence other interest rates, including those for loans and mortgages, impacting consumer spending, business investment, and overall economic activity.

Given the current economic landscape, the U.S. Fed is likely to remain on pause and hold off on making any immediate changes to the Federal Funds Rate. Recent data suggests that inflation rates are stabilizing, and there’s a growing sentiment that the Federal Reserve will pare back expectations for future rate cuts. Instead, the focus is expected to shift toward maintaining the existing rates to observe how previous policies influence the economy. This cautious stance allows the Fed to gather more data and make more informed decisions in subsequent meetings, ensuring a balanced approach to sustaining economic growth and controlling inflation.

Bank of Canada Governor Macklem’s Speech

This speech could impact the CAD/USD pair, particularly if it contains hints about future monetary policy. Market participants will closely monitor Governor Macklem’s comments for any indications of tightening or easing, which could significantly affect the CAD/USD exchange rate as investors adjust their expectations based on the central bank’s stance on economic conditions and inflation management.

Key Economic Events to Watch on Thursday

Several pivotal economic reports and events are set to impact the global financial markets on Thursday.

Australia’s Employment Change and Unemployment Rate Reports

These reports are crucial indicators of Australia’s labor market health, encompassing both the Employment Change and the Unemployment Rate. The Employment Change report measures the number of jobs added or lost within the economy over a given month, with a positive figure indicating a growing labor market. Meanwhile, the Unemployment Rate calculates the percentage of the labor force that is jobless and actively seeking employment. Together, these statistics provide valuable insights into the overall economic performance and are closely watched by traders and economists. A higher employment change paired with a lower unemployment rate typically signals a robust economy, which can strengthen the Australian Dollar (AUD). Conversely, higher unemployment can negatively affect the AUD by reflecting economic weakness. Strong employment data could lead to a stronger AUD.

USA PPI Report and Unemployment Claims Report

These reports offer vital insights into inflation and labor market conditions in the United States, significantly impacting the U.S. dollar. The Producer Price Index (PPI) measures the average change over time in the selling prices received by domestic producers for their output, serving as a key indicator of inflation. Concurrently, the Unemployment Claims Report tracks the number of individuals filing for unemployment benefits, providing a snapshot of the labor market’s health. Both reports are critical for understanding economic trends and can influence the dollar’s strength.

30-Year Bond Auction

This government event involves the sale of 30-year bonds to investors, playing a crucial role in the broader financial market by impacting long-term interest rates. These rates affect everything from mortgage rates to corporate borrowing costs. High demand for these bonds can lead to lower yields, which might be bullish for bonds but bearish for the U.S. dollar and other risk assets like equities.

FOMC Members’ Speeches

Public addresses by members of the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) often discuss economic policies and the state of the economy. These speeches are closely watched by traders and investors for any hints about future monetary policy direction. They can provide valuable insights into the Fed’s thinking regarding interest rates, inflation, and economic growth. These events can significantly influence market sentiment and the dollar.

Key Economic Events to Watch on Friday

Several pivotal economic reports and events are anticipated to affect global financial markets on Friday.

Japan’s BOJ Policy Rate and Monetary Policy Statement

For many years, the Bank of Japan (BOJ) has maintained an ultra-low rate environment to combat deflation and stimulate the economy by encouraging borrowing and spending. However, recent signals from the BOJ suggest a potential shift in monetary policy in the near term.

The BOJ may be considering a rate hike driven by new price forecasts indicating a stronger inflation outlook. This move would mark the end of Japan’s prolonged period of negative interest rates, reflecting the central bank’s confidence in sustained economic recovery and inflationary pressures. A change in the BOJ’s policy could significantly impact the USD/JPY pair and broader financial markets as investors adjust their strategies based on the new interest rate landscape. The BOJ press conference scheduled for Friday may further influence the USD/JPY pair, especially if any hints of future monetary easing are provided, potentially weakening the yen.

USA’s Prelim UoM Consumer Sentiment Report

The University of Michigan’s Consumer Sentiment Report is a key indicator reflecting American consumers’ overall confidence in the country’s economic conditions. This survey gathers data regarding consumers’ financial health, spending habits, and economic outlook. Higher readings suggest that consumers are more optimistic about the economy, which can lead to increased consumer spending and stimulate economic growth. Conversely, lower readings may indicate consumer pessimism, potentially leading to decreased spending and economic slowdown. This report is closely watched by traders and economists as it provides insights into future economic activities and can influence market movements. Generally, higher consumer sentiment is positive for the dollar.

ECB President Lagarde’s Speech

The European Central Bank’s (ECB) policy decisions are closely monitored as they significantly influence the euro and related currency pairs. Last week, the ECB cut its key interest rate to 3.75 percent from 4 percent, marking the first rate cut since 2019. This unexpected move aims to address slowing economic growth and rising inflationary pressures within the Eurozone. Additionally, political turmoil in France, marked by calls for a snap election, has further compounded the euro’s weakness. These developments are anticipated to be central themes in President Lagarde’s upcoming speech, where insights into future monetary policy and economic outlook will be eagerly awaited by investors and market participants. This speech may significantly influence the EUR/USD pair, particularly if it contains insights into future ECB policy.


This week is packed with significant economic events that could shape the financial markets. Traders should stay vigilant and prepared for potential volatility. Whether it’s the Fed meeting, BOJ rate statement, or various economic reports, each event carries implications that could offer trading opportunities.


All information has been prepared by TraderFactor or partners. The information does not contain a record of TraderFactor or partner’s prices or an offer of or solicitation for a transaction in any financial instrument. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Any material provided does not have regard to the specific investment objective and financial situation of any person who may read it. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance.


  • Zahari Rangelov

    Zahari Rangelov is an experienced professional Forex trader and trading mentor with knowledge in technical and fundamental analysis, medium-term trading strategies, risk management and diversification. He has been involved in the foreign exchange markets since 2005, when he opened his first live account in 2007. Currently, Zahari is the Head of Sales & Business Development at TraderFactor's London branch. He provides lectures during webinars and seminars for traders on topics such as; Psychology of market participants’ moods, Investments & speculation with different financial instruments and Automated Expert Advisors & signal providers. Zahari’s success lies in his application of research-backed techniques and practices that have helped him become a successful forex trader, a mentor to many traders, and a respected authority figure within the trading community.

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