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Dollar Weakens After ISM Data, Eyes on JOLTS

Dollar Weakens After ISM Data, Eyes on JOLTS

The US Dollar (USD) began the week on a weaker note, impacted by disappointing economic data and shifting market expectations regarding future Federal Reserve policies. Here’s a breakdown of the current market landscape and key events driving these movements.

ISM PMI Report and Its Impact

On Monday, the US Dollar Index (DXY) saw a notable decline, inching closer to the 104.15 level. This downward trend was primarily triggered by the release of the Institute of Supply Management (ISM) Manufacturing PMI report for May. The report revealed that the PMI index had dropped from 49.2 in April to 48.7 in May, missing the expected 49.6 mark. The decline in the ISM Manufacturing Prices Paid component, which fell to 57.0 from the previous 60.9, also contributed to the weakening of the USD.

DXY 4-hour Chart

Dollar Weakens After ISM Data, Eyes on JOLTS

These figures led to a decrease in US Treasury yields and increased the likelihood of a Federal Reserve rate cut in September. This speculation was further fueled by the downbeat ISM PMI data.

Market Focus Shifts to Labor Data

With the ISM PMI report behind us, market attention has now turned to labor market data. Investors are keenly awaiting the release of the Nonfarm Payrolls report for May, as well as wage growth data, to gain further insights into the health of the US economy. These upcoming reports are expected to provide crucial information that could influence future monetary policy decisions by the Federal Reserve.

EUR/USD Holds Steady Amid Cautious Mood

The EUR/USD pair is currently trading near the 1.0900 mark, having retreated from its three-month highs during the European session on Tuesday. Despite the initial weakness induced by the ISM PMI report, the US Dollar is attempting a recovery. The cautious mood in the markets, driven by anticipation of the upcoming US jobs data, is providing some support to the USD.

The EUR/USD pair’s recent upward momentum can be attributed to the declining trend in the Greenback and the reduction in US yields across the board. However, ongoing speculation about the Federal Reserve maintaining a restrictive stance longer than expected continues to influence market sentiment.

GBP/USD and the Gravity of US Data

The GBP/USD pair is currently struggling around the 1.2800 level, unable to build on its recent gains to nearly a three-month high. The negative shift in risk sentiment is reviving the US Dollar’s safe-haven appeal, ahead of the highly anticipated US JOLTS Job Openings data.

Gold Awaits Employment Data

The gold market is also closely watching the upcoming US employment data. Gold prices are facing modest selling pressure near $2,355 in Asian trading on Tuesday, as traders await the JOLTS Job Openings report for fresh directional cues. On Monday, gold prices experienced a turnaround following the release of the weak ISM PMI data, which led to a decline in US Dollar and Treasury bond yields.

Understanding the JOLTS Report and Its Impact

The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) report is a crucial piece of economic data that provides insights into the demand for labor in the US economy. The report includes information on job openings, hires, and separations, offering a comprehensive view of labor market dynamics.

How JOLTS Affects the Dollar and Currency Market

The JOLTS report can have a significant impact on the US Dollar and the broader currency market. High job openings indicate strong labor demand, which can lead to wage growth and increased consumer spending. Such conditions are typically favorable for the USD as they suggest a robust economy and can influence Federal Reserve policy decisions.

Conversely, low job openings may signal a weakening labor market, potentially leading to lower consumer spending and economic growth. This scenario can dampen investor sentiment towards the USD, causing it to weaken against other currencies.


The US Dollar’s recent performance, influenced by weak ISM data and declining Treasury yields, underscores the importance of upcoming labor market reports, including the JOLTS Job Openings. These reports will provide valuable insights into the health of the US economy and could shape future Federal Reserve policy decisions.

Stay tuned for more updates on market developments. For in-depth analysis and expert insights, subscribe to our newsletter on TraderFactor LinkedIn page and never miss a beat in the financial markets.


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  • Phyllis Wangui

    Phyllis Wangui is a Financial Analyst and News Editor with qualifications in accounting and economics. She has over 20 years of banking and accounting experience, during which she has gained extensive knowledge of the forex, stock news, stock market, forex analysis, cryptos and foreign exchange industries. Phyllis is an avid commentator on these topics and loves to share her insights with others through financial publications and social media platforms.

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