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EURUSD Jumps Following U.S. CPI Report, FOMC Awaited-TRADERFACTOR

EUR/USD Jumps Following U.S. CPI Report, FOMC Awaited

The EUR/USD pair experienced a surge, reaching daily highs above the 1.0800 mark, following the release of the latest US Consumer Price Index (CPI) data. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reported a 3.3% year-over-year rise in the CPI for May, down from 3.4% in April. Monthly CPI figures remained steady, easing from the previous 0.3%. Core readings, excluding volatile food and energy prices, also came in below forecasts.

This easing of price pressures in the US economy fueled optimism in financial markets, leading to a rise in high-yielding currencies and a sell-off of the US Dollar. However, this rally faced another test as the Federal Reserve’s (Fed) monetary policy decision loomed. The Fed was widely expected to keep rates unchanged, with market participants closely watching whether policymakers would maintain their previous hawkish stance.

Impacts of US CPI on Financial Markets

The US CPI showed no increase in May, reflecting a slight loosening of inflation’s grip on the economy. The CPI, which measures the cost of a basket of goods and services, held flat on a monthly basis but increased by 3.3% year over year.

Lower top-line inflation figures were noted for both all-items and core measures, although shelter inflation rose by 0.4% for the month and 5.4% year over year. Housing-related costs, heavily weighted in the CPI, have been a sticking point in the Fed’s battle against inflation. Meanwhile, energy prices dropped by 2%, and gas prices fell by 3.6%, helping keep overall price increases in check. Motor vehicle insurance saw a slight monthly decline but was up over 20% annually.

The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) was expected to keep its benchmark overnight borrowing rate within the 5.25%-5.50% range. Futures traders anticipated a potential rate cut in September, though Fed officials stressed that more consistent positive data would be needed before easing policy.

GBP/USD and Gold Movements Post-CPI

GBP/USD Advances Post-CPI

The GBP/USD pair advanced past the 1.2800 mark following the release of the US CPI data, driven by renewed selling interest in the US Dollar. Despite the Dollar’s resilience, the pair held its ground, bolstered by capital outflows from the Euro.

The GBP/USD continues to trade around 1.2750 as market attention shifts to upcoming US macroeconomic events. Annual US inflation, measured by CPI, held steady at 3.4% in May, with a monthly increase of 0.1%. Core CPI, excluding volatile food and energy prices, was forecast to rise by 0.3%.

Investors are likely to react to the monthly core CPI print, which is free from base effect distortions. If the data falls below market expectations, it could trigger a US Dollar selloff and push GBP/USD higher, at least until the Federal Reserve announces its monetary policy decisions.

Gold Prices Turn Positive

Gold prices picked up pace in response to May’s US inflation data, which came in below estimates according to the CPI. Gold struggled to capitalize on modest gains over the past two days, trading with a negative bias during the early European session. Investors awaited the release of US consumer inflation figures and the highly-anticipated FOMC meeting outcome.

Amid a strong US labor market and persistent inflation, investors have scaled back bets for an imminent rate cut by the Fed in September, bolstering the US Dollar. This created headwinds for Gold prices, although political uncertainty in Europe and ongoing geopolitical tensions provided some support, cushioning potential downside risks.

Conclusion

Understanding the intricate dynamics of the forex and gold markets, especially in response to US economic indicators such as the CPI and FOMC decisions, is crucial for traders. The latest CPI data has shown easing price pressures, prompting optimism in financial markets and affecting various currency pairs and commodities. However, the Federal Reserve’s upcoming decisions will be pivotal in determining the near-term trajectory of these markets.

For more detailed analysis and insights, stay tuned to our updates and market reports.

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Author

  • Phyllis Wangui

    Phyllis Wangui is a Financial Analyst and News Editor with qualifications in accounting and economics. She has over 20 years of banking and accounting experience, during which she has gained extensive knowledge of the forex, stock news, stock market, forex analysis, cryptos and foreign exchange industries. Phyllis is an avid commentator on these topics and loves to share her insights with others through financial publications and social media platforms.

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