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Traders Expectations Ahead of Crucial PCE Price Index

Traders Expectations Ahead of Crucial PCE Price Index

As the financial world keenly awaits the release of the Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Price Index data, traders are gearing up for potential market shifts. The PCE data, known as the Federal Reserve’s preferred measure of inflation, is set to provide critical insights into the future of US monetary policy. Here’s an in-depth look at the current market dynamics and sentiment across key currency pairs: EUR/USD, GBP/USD, and USD/JPY.

Gold Prices Ahead of PCE Price Index

Over the past two weeks, gold prices have struggled to sustain their upward momentum. After hitting a peak of $2,450 on May 20, XAU reversed course and has since been trading in the $2,300s range. Geopolitical tensions in the Middle East and central bank demand from BRICS nations have bolstered gold’s reputation as a safe haven.

XAUUSD 4-hour Chart

Traders Expectations Ahead of Crucial PCE Price Index

Earlier this week, gold prices (XAU/USD) gained traction after finding support at the 20-day Simple Moving Average (SMA). However, by Wednesday, resistance emerged as the US dollar strengthened. This shift was driven by hawkish comments from Federal Reserve officials and better-than-expected US economic data. Consequently, market expectations for a Fed rate cut in September have waned, supporting the dollar and exerting downward pressure on gold prices.

GBP/USD: Fluctuations and Market Sentiment

GBP/USD Hovers Above 1.2700 After Weak US Data

GBP/USD remains in positive territory above 1.2700 in the second half of the day on Thursday. The US dollar’s struggle to preserve its strength allowed the pair to hold its ground after the Bureau of Economic Analysis announced a downward revision to Q1 GDP growth.

The pair turned south in the American session on Wednesday, posting its largest one-day loss since late April. Although GBP/USD managed to recover above 1.2700 in the European morning on Thursday, it may face challenges in gathering bullish momentum.

The negative market mood helped the US Dollar (USD) find demand as a safe-haven, pushing GBP/USD lower. Reflecting the risk-averse atmosphere, Wall Street’s main indexes lost between 0.7% and 1.05%. Early Thursday, US stock index futures indicated continued selloff in US stocks, suggesting that safe-haven flows could further strengthen the USD.

EUR/USD: Daily Gains Amid Economic Data

EUR/USD Clings to Daily Gains Above 1.0800 After US Data

EUR/USD managed to cling to daily recovery gains above 1.0800 in the American session. A downward revision to US Q1 GDP growth and higher-than-expected Jobless Claims data weighed on the US Dollar, helping the pair stretch higher.

The US Dollar maintained its sentiment-inspired momentum throughout the first half of the day, resulting in EUR/USD falling to 1.0787, its lowest in two weeks. As market mood improved, the pair recovered above the 1.0800 threshold, but remained depressed at around 1.0820. Financial markets turned risk-averse following Federal Reserve (Fed) officials’ comments cooling hopes for a soon-to-come rate cut and poor government bond auctions. Treasury yields surged to fresh multi-week highs on Wednesday, further supporting the USD.

USD/JPY: Japanese Yen’s Performance and Economic Factors

Japanese Yen Appreciates as US GDP, Tokyo’s Inflation Data Loom

The Japanese Yen (JPY) gained ground following remarks from Bank of Japan (BoJ) board member Seiji Adachi on Wednesday. Adachi emphasized the gradual reduction of bond purchases and suggested raising interest rates if a weaker JPY leads to heightened inflation.

Traders have increased bets on the BoJ implementing another interest rate hike. Attention now turns to Tokyo’s inflation data scheduled for release on Friday, seen as a key indicator of nationwide price trends.

Market Sentiment and Upcoming Economic Indicators

U.S. stock index futures fell sharply Thursday, amid worries over elevated inflation and tight monetary policy. Dow Jones Futures slid 350 points, S&P 500 Futures fell 23 points, and Nasdaq 100 Futures fell 78 points.

The main Wall Street indices saw selling on Wednesday amid concerns that stronger-than-expected economic growth and persistently high inflation will lead to the Federal Reserve delaying interest rate cuts. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 1.1%, the S&P 500 retreated 0.7%, and the NASDAQ Composite dropped 0.6%, marking its worst session in May after hitting a series of record highs.

The week’s key release will be the PCE price index data on Friday. Before that, a revised reading on first-quarter gross domestic product data is due later Thursday, expected to show resilience in the U.S. economy. Hawkish comments from Fed officials have cooled down market expectations for a rate cut in September.

Final Thoughts

As we approach the release of the crucial PCE data, traders across the globe are positioning themselves for potential market shifts. The outcomes of the PCE data and other key economic indicators will likely set the tone for the financial markets in the coming weeks. Keep a close eye on the EUR/USD, GBP/USD, and USD/JPY currency pairs, as they will be significantly influenced by these developments.

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Author

  • Phyllis Wangui

    Phyllis Wangui is a Financial Analyst and News Editor with qualifications in accounting and economics. She has over 20 years of banking and accounting experience, during which she has gained extensive knowledge of the forex, stock news, stock market, forex analysis, cryptos and foreign exchange industries. Phyllis is an avid commentator on these topics and loves to share her insights with others through financial publications and social media platforms.

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