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Traders Await Crucial U.S. Inflation Data

Traders Await Crucial U.S. Inflation Data

As markets gear up for the crucial release of U.S. inflation data, traders are closely monitoring key currency pairs, commodity movements, and economic indicators to make informed decisions. This article provides an in-depth look at the current market dynamics and what traders can expect from the upcoming Consumer Price Index (CPI) report.

EUR/USD Remains Strong Above 1.0800

The EUR/USD pair continues to exhibit strength, remaining in positive territory above 1.0800 after achieving its highest daily close in over a month on Tuesday. Recent data from the Eurozone showed that the GDP grew at an annual rate of 0.4% in Q1, which has further bolstered the euro against the dollar. As traders shift their focus to the upcoming April inflation report from the U.S., the pair extended its uptrend, reaching its highest level since April 10 on Wednesday.

Bullish Momentum Amid Technical Overbought Conditions

The EUR/USD gathered bullish momentum during the early American session on Tuesday, climbing above 1.0800. Despite the near-term technical outlook indicating overbought conditions, buyers may retain control if the U.S. inflation data comes in below expectations.

U.S. Producer Price Index (PPI) and Federal Reserve Insights

On Tuesday, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that the Producer Price Index (PPI) rose 2.2% year-over-year in April, following a 1.8% increase in March. While this print matched market expectations, it failed to provide a lasting boost to the U.S. Dollar (USD). Federal Reserve (Fed) Chairman Jerome Powell reiterated the possibility of maintaining a restrictive policy longer than anticipated to bring inflation down toward the 2% target.

Anticipation of Consumer Price Index (CPI) Data

Later today, the BLS will release the Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for April. Market expectations suggest a core CPI rise of 0.3% on a monthly basis. A reading of 0.4% or higher could dissuade investors from betting on a rate cut in September, thereby strengthening the USD. Conversely, a soft monthly core CPI print of 0.2% or lower could accelerate the USD selloff.

GBP/USD Maintains Bullish Momentum

The GBP/USD pair has preserved its bullish momentum, trading at its highest level in nearly two weeks above 1.2600 during the European session on Wednesday. The USD struggled to find demand, allowing the pair to stretch higher ahead of the April CPI and Retail Sales data from the U.S.

Reversal and Support Levels

On Tuesday, GBP/USD declined toward 1.2500 in the early American session but reversed direction later in the day. Supported by selling pressure surrounding the USD, the pair climbed above 1.2550 and closed in positive territory. Early Wednesday, the pair remains relatively quiet near 1.2600 as investors await crucial inflation data from the U.S.

Gold Climbs as U.S. Yields Edge Lower

Gold prices have climbed above $2,370 as U.S. Treasury yields edged lower ahead of the inflation data. The precious metal extended its uptrend, trading above $2,370 in the European session on Wednesday after gaining nearly 1% on Tuesday. The benchmark 10-year U.S. Treasury bond yield remains in the red below 4.5%, supporting gold’s upward momentum.

Reaction to Producer Price Index (PPI) Data

Spot Gold advanced towards the $2,350 region mid-Tuesday, benefiting from the USD’s weakness. XAU/USD peaked at $2,356.96 following the release of the U.S. PPI data, which indicated persistent inflationary pressures. The monthly PPI rose 0.5% in April, up from -0.1% in March and above the 0.3% expected. The core annual reading remained unchanged at 2.4%.

Awaiting Consumer Price Index (CPI) Report

The U.S. will release the April CPI report later today. Although the Fed bases its monetary policy decisions on a different inflation measure, any deviation in the CPI data is likely to trigger significant market action.

Stock Market and Federal Reserve Comments

U.S. stock indexes have struggled to overcome recent negative news. The Dow Jones Industrial Average and the S&P 500 are hovering around their opening levels, while the Nasdaq Composite is up by roughly 40 points. This cautious behavior suggests that market players are not overly concerned about the inflation figures, limiting demand for safe-haven assets like gold.

Hawkish Remarks from Fed Chairman Jerome Powell

Fed Chairman Jerome Powell delivered a hawkish message during a moderated discussion with De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB) President Klaas Knot. Powell emphasized the strength of the U.S. economy due to a robust labor market, noting that policymakers need to be “patient” with inflation. He expressed lower confidence in inflation moving back down soon, dampening hopes for a near-term rate cut.

USD/JPY Trades in Positive Territory

The USD/JPY pair trades in positive territory for the fourth consecutive day near 156.55 during the Asian session on Wednesday. The pair’s uptick is supported by speculation that the Fed might maintain higher rates for longer amid elevated inflation.

Potential for Further Gains and Intervention Risks

The USD/JPY extended its gains for the sixth consecutive trading day, raising concerns that Japanese authorities could intervene in the Forex markets. Momentum remains tilted to the upside, with price action above the Ichimoku Cloud (Kumo) and the Relative Strength Index (RSI) trending higher in bullish territory.

If buyers reclaim the 157.00 figure, it could open the door to challenging the May 1 high at 157.98. Key resistance levels include the April 26 high at 158.44, followed by the April 29 high of 160.22.

Conclusion: Market Eyes on U.S. Inflation Data

As traders eagerly await the U.S. inflation data, the outcome will likely have significant implications across various financial markets. A higher-than-expected CPI reading could strengthen the USD, impacting currency pairs like EUR/USD and GBP/USD, as well as commodity prices like gold. Conversely, a softer CPI print could weaken the USD and support further gains in these markets. Stay tuned for the latest updates and market reactions as the data is released.


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  • Phyllis Wangui

    Phyllis Wangui is a Financial Analyst and News Editor with qualifications in accounting and economics. She has over 20 years of banking and accounting experience, during which she has gained extensive knowledge of the forex, stock news, stock market, forex analysis, cryptos and foreign exchange industries. Phyllis is an avid commentator on these topics and loves to share her insights with others through financial publications and social media platforms.